Office hours: MW 10-11am. Office: WCH 336. The office hours will be held primarily in-person this quarter. Online sessions are possible if needed (pre-arranged) and the Zoom meeting info can be found in the syllabus.

**Teaching Assistants and office hours**:

Reader: Michelle Chu (mchu017ATucr.edu). Office hour: TBA.

Reader: Boning Li (bli166ATucr.edu). Office hour: TBA.

Reader: Alexander Roh (aroh002ATucr.edu). Office hour: TBA.

TA/reader office hours are held in WCH 110 and online simultaneously this quarter. The Zoom meeting info can be found in the syllabus.

**UCR Academic Resources Center (ARC)**:

Dis 022, T 4:00 - 4:50pm, Physics 2104, Jingong Huang

Dis 023, W 9:00 - 9:50am, WCH 138 (also online; see the syllabus for Zoom info), Jingong Huang

The book is available for purchase/rent via the Internet. Relevant chapters of the book can also be
found on eLearn/Canvas. The following webpage maintained by the authors of the textbook offers many errata and
sample solutions to
selected exercises:

Textbook Homepage

Main lecture notes on automata and formal languages.

Slides for week 1: Introduction, DFA and NFA.

Slides for week 2: REX and equivalence among DFA, NFA and REX.

Slides for week 3: Algebraic laws for REX and pumping lemma for RL.

Slides for week 4: RL properties and minimization of DFA.

Slides for week 5: CFG and CFL.

Slides for week 6: CFG parsing and ambiguity.

Slides for week 7: Various forms of PDA and their equivalence to CFG.

Slides for week 8: Chomosky normal form.

Slides for week 9: Pumping lemma, closure properties and the CYK algorithm.

Slides for week 10: Introduction to undecidability and Turing machines.

Formal Grammars and Languages

Computability

These chapters are not very technical and may help provide some high-level concepts about the theory. The following article in a 2015 issue of Communications of the ACM gives a technical perspective on the question of how to decide the equivalence of NFAs and could also be interesting to read:

The Equivalence Problem for Finite Automata

One may also find the following topic interesting:

The Smallest Grammar Problem

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The following mapping shows how your overall scores will be translated into letter grades at the end of the quarter: 90+ -> A+, 85+ -> A, 80+ -> A-, 77+ -> B+, 73+ -> B, 70+ -> B-, 67+ -> C+, 63+ -> C, 60+ -> C-, 57+ -> D+, 53+ -> D, 50+ -> D-, 49- -> F.