neal young / Young94KServer
Algorithmica 11(6):525-541(1994); SODA'91This paper has two results. The first is based on the surprising observation that the well-known ``least-recently-used'' paging algorithm and the ``balance'' algorithm for weighted caching are linear-programming primal-dual algorithms. This observation leads to a strategy (called ``Greedy-Dual'') that generalizes them both and has an optimal performance guarantee for weighted caching.
For the second set of results, the paper presents empirical studies of paging algorithms, documenting that in practice, on ``typical'' cache sizes and sequences, the performance of paging strategies are much better than their worst-case analyses in the standard model suggest. The paper then presents theoretical results that support and explain this. For example: on any input sequence, with almost all cache sizes, either the performance guarantee of least-recently-used is $O(\log k)$ or the fault rate (in an absolute sense) is insignificant.
These results are strengthened and/or generalized in  and [ 2009].Journal version of .
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